Organ transplantation is the medical procedure to replace a damaged organ of a person with a healthy one donated by another person. It is often the only treatment for end stage organ failure. The organs that can be transplanted include heart, intestine, liver, pancreas, kidney and lungs. It is a life-changing procedure that can give someone a second chance at life. However, not everybody can be a good candidate for organ transplant.
The organ transplantation procedure involves a thorough examination of the patient – who is in need of transplant – in order to find out whether he/she is a good candidate for the procedure. If the patient passes all the tests, he/she will get enrolled on the waiting list for transplant. Only after getting an appropriate organ, the damaged organ will get replaced by the healthy one from a donor.
Types of Organ Transplantations
Few common types of organ transplantations are:
Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure to replace the kidneys, that are no longer functioning properly, with healthy kidneys from a live or recently deceased donor.
The kidneys play a vital role in keeping the body healthy. They remove excess waste and fluid from your blood. Kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease occurs when they lose their ability to filter fluid and waste. People with end-stage kidney disease either need to have waste removed from their bloodstream through regular dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay healthy and alive.
Common causes of kidney disease are:
- Chronic glomerulonephritis
- Polycystic kidney disease
Liver transplantation is a surgical procedure performed to replace a diseased liver with a healthy liver from a donor. This treatment option used to treat people with end-stage liver failure. It is also used to treat people with liver cancer. Few common causes of liver failure are:
- Liver cirrhosis
- Fatty liver disease
- Early-stage liver cancer
- Wilson’s disease
- Cystic fibrosis
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
Bone marrow transplantation
Bone marrow transplantation is a procedure performed to replace unhealthy bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. It is a treatment option used to treat patients with:
- Immune system or genetic disease
- Life-threatening blood cancers such as leukaemia
- Diseases like aplastic anaemia, which can cause bone marrow failure
Each year, more than thousand people get enrolled on the waiting list for organ transplantation. Unfortunately, even after getting enrolled, many patients are dying due to lack of appropriate organs. Hence it is necessary for us to understand the importance of organ donation and donate organs in order to give someone a second chance at life. Pledge to donate